• CISM // What is Space Weather? - Boston University

    In 1958 the very first American satellite, Explorer I, discovered space weather when it passed through the lower Van Allen radiation belt that encircles the earth. Its primitive sensors registered the radiation and, after some study, researchers realized its significance: space around the earth is not empty. All the various phenomena that exist or develop in that near-earth environment whose ...

  • Explorer 1: The First U.S. Satellite Space

    11/08/2017  Explorer 1 was the United States' first satellite in space. The 1958 launch of the satellite — twice the size of a basketball — was an important moment for the country, as the Space Race with ...

  • SPACE HISTORY: America's First Satellite Launched From ...

    It also marked America's first step in the Space Race of the Cold War. On the evening of Jan. 31, 1958, the United States orbited its first satellite -- Explorer 1.

  • Astronaut becomes first person to walk in space and visit ...

    10/06/2020  "When we finally saw the first of our scientific landers, it was as if I was an astronaut on Mars and I discovered some deep space probe that had gotten there before me. It just sort of came up ...

  • Space exploration - Wikipedia

    Telescope. The first telescope was said to be invented in 1608 in the Netherlands by an eyeglass maker named Hans Lippershey.The Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 was the first space telescope launched on December 7, 1968. As of February 2, 2019, there was 3,891 confirmed exoplanets discovered. The Milky Way is estimated to contain 100–400 billion stars and more than 100 billion

  • The History of Satellites - Sputnik I - ThoughtCo

    The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a basketball and weighed only 183 pounds. It took about 98 minutes for Sputnik I to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path. The launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments and marked the beginning of the space race between the U.S.and the U.S.S.R.

  • Most Famous Explorers - List of Famous Explorers in History

    Amerigo Vespucci was an Italian explorer who first discovered that the West Indies and Brazil were not part of Asia as initally thought, but rather a whole new continent. The new continent was named America, which is believed to be derived from his first name. Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) Nationality: Portuguese Known For: First European to reach India by sea Vasco da Gama commanded the very ...

  • First US woman to walk in space travels to the deepest ...

    The first American woman to walk in space has just achieved an incredible feat, diving to the deepest known spot on Earth as part of her work as an oceanographer. Kathy Sullivan, 68, reached a ...

  • Russian Space Agency Says SpaceX Launch 'Should Have ...

    31/05/2020  Alan Shepard was the first American to fly into space one year later in 1962, while the first U.S. satellite, Explorer 1, launched into space came in 1958. Although Russia initially led the space ...

  • Explorer unearths photos of tribe's first contact with ...

    26/06/2020  An explorer has unearthed an incredible set of photos he took of a meeting he had with an isolated tribe deep in the Ecuadorian rainforest – the event being the first time they had made contact ...

  • Probing the Electric Space Around Earth - NASA

    The radiation belts were discovered during the flight of the very first American satellite. Van Allen and colleagues had installed a Geiger-Müller tube on Explorer 1 to detect cosmic rays, and as the satellite made its eccentric orbit around the Earth, the readings periodically went off the top of the counter’s scale. It happened again during the flight of Explorer 3 several months later ...

  • First American woman to walk in space has now visited

    11/06/2020  “When we finally saw the first of our scientific landers, it was as if I was an astronaut on Mars and I discovered some deep space probe that had gotten there before me. It just sort of came up ...

  • Sputnik and The Dawn of the Space Age - NASA

    The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (58 cm.or 22.8 inches in diameter), weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path. That launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. While the Sputnik launch was a single event, it marked the start of the space age and ...

  • Alan Shepard: First American in Space Space

    10/10/2018  Alan Shepard became the first American in space when the Freedom 7 spacecraft blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on May 5, 1961, aboard a Mercury-Redstone rocket.

  • Space exploration - Wikipedia

    Telescope. The first telescope was said to be invented in 1608 in the Netherlands by an eyeglass maker named Hans Lippershey.The Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 was the first space telescope launched on December 7, 1968. As of February 2, 2019, there was 3,891 confirmed exoplanets discovered. The Milky Way is estimated to contain 100–400 billion stars and more than 100 billion

  • History of spaceflight - Wikipedia

    The Soviet Union took the lead in the post-war Space Race, launching the first satellite, the first man and the first woman into orbit. The United States caught up with, and then passed, their Soviet rivals during the mid-1960s, landing the first man on the Moon in 1969. In the same period, France, the United Kingdom, Japan and China were concurrently developing more limited launch capabilities.

  • Neil Armstrong Facts Biography Famous Explorers

    Neil Armstrong passed away at the age of 82, on August 25th, 2012 in Cincinnati, Ohio. His death was due to fatal complications from coronary artery bypass surgery, which he underwent on August 7th, 2012. The lunar explorer was survived by his two sons, Eric and Mark and by his second wife, Caro Held Knight, whom he married in 1994. He was ...

  • All About the United States Space of the 1960s

    26/03/2020  On February 28, 1959, NASA launched the United States’ first spy satellite, the Discover 1; and then on August 7, 1959, the Explorer 6 was launched and provided the very first photographs of the Earth from space. On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space when he made a 15-minute suborbital flight aboard Freedom 7. On ...

  • Former astronaut becomes first person to visit both space ...

    Former astronaut becomes first person to visit both space and the deepest place in the the ocean More than 550 people have visited space. Wednesday, June 10th 2020, 6:25 AM EDT

  • Space Weather

    SPACE WEATHER BALLOON DATA: ... Physicists Eric Reneger and Georg Pfotzer discovered the maximum using balloons in the 1930s and it is what we are measuring today. En route to the stratosphere, our sensors also pass through aviation altitudes: In this plot, dose rates are expessed as multiples of sea level. For instance, we see that boarding a plane that flies at 25,000 feet exposes

  • Have Scientists Discovered a Radio ‘Space Shield?’

    It was discovered by the first American satellite, Explorer 1, in 1958. In the years since, scientists have learned the ‘belt’ is really three belts that change in size and shape over time.

  • SPACE TODAY ONLINE - Space Today Online - The

    1982: A millisecond pulsar is discovered. 1983: The second space shuttle, Challenger, makes a successful maiden voyage, which includes the first U.S. space walk in nine years. 1983: Sally Ride is the first American woman in space, and the third woman in space, aboard shuttle Challenger in 1983 and 1984. Ride will serve on the presidential ...

  • NASA's hot radiation mission Network World

    NASA facts about radiation: The inner radiation belt was discovered with data from the very first American satellite, Explorer 1. Explorer 1 launched into Earth's orbit on a Jupiter C missile from ...

  • Take a Tour Through the History of Black Science Fiction ...

    1 天前  “The Space Traders” was first published in 1992. Though not hailed as a post-racial period with the same verve as the eight years of the Obama administration were, this era was supposedly an ...

  • Aeronautics and Astronautics Chronology, 1960

    April 1: First known weather observation satellite, TIROS I (Television Infra-Red Observation Satellite), launched into orbit by Thor-Able, and took pictures of earth's cloud cover on a global scale from 450 miles above until June 29. TIROS I was hailed as ushering in "a new era of meteorological observing." ---: Fourth suborbital Shotput test of the 100-foot-diameter sphere later known as ...

  • Valentina Tereshkova: First Woman in Space Space

    22/01/2018  Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman to go into space. She flew Vostok 6 in 1963, spending almost three days in space and orbiting Earth 48 times.

  • Captain James Cook: the explorer who "discovered" surfing

    3/07/2020  Captain James Cook (1728-1779) and his sailing crew are credited with writing the first-ever description of wave riding before surfing was even considered a sport. James Cook was born on November 7, 1728, in Marton, Yorkshire, England. He was a British navigator, explorer, and cartographer who served in the Royal Navy from 1755 to 1779.

  • List of spaceflight-related accidents and incidents ...

    The first African-American astronaut, ... All of this was discovered the next day when technicians removed an access panel and discovered the area blackened and scorched. It is believed that hydrazine leaked in orbit and froze, stopping the leak. After returning, the leak restarted and ignited when combined with oxygen from the atmosphere. There were no injuries during the incident. Space ...

  • Space Race - Academic Kids

    Yuri Gagarin became the first successful cosmonaut when he entered orbit in Russia's Vostok 1 on April 12 1961, a day still celebrated as a holiday in Russia and in many other countries. 23 days later, on mission Freedom 7, Alan Shepard first entered space for the U.S. John Glenn, in Friendship 7, became the first American to successfully orbit Earth, completing three orbits on February 20 1962.

  • A Brief History of NASA

    Sally K. Ride became the first American woman to fly in space when STS-7 lifted off on June 18, 1983, another early milestone of the Shuttle program. On January 28, 1986 a leak in the joints of one of two Solid Rocket Boosters attached to the Challenger orbiter caused the main liquid fuel tank to explode 73 seconds after launch, killing all 7 crew members.

  • NASA readying for new mission to Mars in search of life

    With a mission to develop space rescue capability, the American unnumbered Apollo module and Soviet Soyuz 19 docked with each other in space on July 17, 1975, marking the first such link-up of ...

  • The Space Race timeline Timetoast timelines

    It was the first man-made object to go into space. It remained in orbit until January 4, 1958. Nov 3, 1957. The launches Sputnik 2 with a dog as its passenger. The dog, Laika, was the first animal to go into space. Jan 31, 1958. USA launches Explorer 1 into space. This was the first U.S. satellite to reach orbit. It lifted off at Cape Canaveral. Explorer 1 carried a scientific experiment of ...

  • A Brief History of NASA

    Sally K. Ride became the first American woman to fly in space when STS-7 lifted off on June 18, 1983, another early milestone of the Shuttle program. On January 28, 1986 a leak in the joints of one of two Solid Rocket Boosters attached to the Challenger orbiter caused the main liquid fuel tank to explode 73 seconds after launch, killing all 7 crew members.

  • Former astronaut becomes first person to visit both space ...

    "When we finally saw the first of our scientific landers, it was as if I was an astronaut on Mars and I discovered some deep space probe that had gotten there before me. It just sort of came up ...

  • Lentis/Education and the Space Race in the United States ...

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration . The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was founded in October 1958 as a direct result of the Sputnik crisis. A ragtag team of scientists and engineers put the first American into space in 1961 and went on to effectively win the Space Race by landing on the Moon in 1969.

  • Explorers of North America - EnchantedLearning

    Only 27 years after being discovered, Steller's sea cows were hunted to extinction. BOONE, DANIEL Colonel Daniel Boone (1734-1820 ) was an American pioneer, soldier, and explorer; he was born near Reading, Pennsylvania. Boone founded the first US settlement west of the Appalachian mountains. A frontiersman and folk hero, Boone explored the Kentucky wilderness from 1769 to 1782. He traveled ...

  • History Archives - Space Mission and Science News ...

    Even this first spacecraft made an important scientific discovery: it detected what would become known as the Van Allen radiation belts encircling Earth, named after James Van Allen, the scientist who designed the main instrument on Explorer 1. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration was founded in October 1958, and JPL was transferred from the Army to the new agency. The transition ...

  • the explorer who "discovered" surfing Work Sydney

    Captain James Cook (1728-1779) and his sailing crew are credited with writing the first-ever description of wave riding before surfing was even considered a sport. James Cook was born on November 7, 1728, in Marton, Yorkshire, England. He was a British navigator, explorer, and cartographer who served in the Royal Navy from 1755 to 1779.

  • mission - All About Space

    Why the first American woman in space will be remembered forever. Space Exploration NASA Parker Solar Probe blasts off for mission to ‘touch the Sun’ Hours before the rise of the very star it will study, the car-sized spacecraft launched from Florida to begin its journey . FutureTech Parker Solar Probe: NASA’s Sun-skimming spacecraft. Things are heating up at NASA as Solar Probe Plus ...

  • Who Got There First? The North Pole Controversies —

    In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. Both claimed to be first to reach the North Pole on foot. Finding the North Pole is tricky. Unlike the South Pole, which lies on a land mass, the North Pole is actually in a vast sea covered by floating ice. Since the ice is constantly in motion, planting a flag or otherwise marking the spot is ...