• Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil ...

    Oil sands mining operations are some of the largest mines in the world. Although open-pit oil sands mines have a lot in common with traditional hard-rock mines (such as gold or copper), oil sands operators have some unique challenges due to the softness of the deposit. Learn more about surface mining techniques used in the oil sands.

  • Oil sands surface mining - Energy Education

    ProcessEnvironmental ConcernsLand UseTo excavate the oil sand, large trucks use scoops (some with scoops as large as a two-car garage!) to collect the oil sand and move it to a cleaning facility. These trucks and scoops are enormous in size (this can be seen in Figures 1 and 2). This collection step is known as extraction. In total, two tonnes of oil sand must be obtained and processed with 2-4 barrels of water to produce a single [[barrels of oil equivalentbarrel of crude oil in it在energyeducation.ca上查看更多信息
  • Evolution of Mining Equipment in the Oil Sands Oil

    Haul trucks used in the oil sands are commonly supplied by Caterpillar and Lieberr. Suppliers work closely with oil sands operators to optimize the design of their vehicles, constantly improving fuel efficiency and reducing downtime. A payload of 400 tonnes is now considered the norm for oil sands mining operators.

  • Mining for Bitumen Oil Sands Magazine

    ACTIVE OIL SANDS MINING PROJECTS All mine sites are located in the Athabasca Basin, just north of Fort McMurray. The mines strattle both sides of the Athabasca River, where the oil sands deposit is relatively close to the surface. There are currently 9 active oil sands mining operations in Alberta, 8 are in operation and 1 under construction.

  • MINING — TECHNICAL Oil Sands Magazine

    May 1 Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands ... Get access to our complete database of historical oil and gas prices, energy statistics and oil sands production data. All in Excel format, no special software required.

  • What are oil sands? HowStuffWorks

    ­Close­­ your eyes and imagine a tar pit. What comes to mind­? For many of us it's a black, molasseslike lake with preserved saber-toothed tigers.. Tar pits are better known as oil sands, tar sands and bituminous sands, and they aren't only of interest to scientists -- they're also of great interest to energy companies.But just like the name suggests, this black gold doesn't gush from a ...

  • Surface Mining in Oil-Sands SpringerLink

    Author: W. Durst
  • Energy at a Glance: - Pennsylvania State University

    2008-4-1  Deposits of oil sands. The largest of these deposits is in Canada. The Athabasca Oil Sands (representing about 80% of Canada’s bitumen reserves) also happens to be the only one shallow enough to lend itself to surface mining, which, as we will see, is the primary method for removing oil sands.

  • Oil Sands Student Energy

    To extract the bitumen in the oil sands, conventional oil drilling techniques cannot be used because bitumen is too heavy to be pumped and sticks to sand grains. Therefore other extraction techniques have been developed. The most common methods to extract bitumen are open-pit mining and in-situ, which is Latin for ‘in place’.. Bitumen within 75 meters of the surface is open-pit mined.

  • Oil Sands Mining Techniques - OilJobFinder

    Oil Sands Mining Techniques. Since the 1920s, open pit mining has been central to oil sands development. But about 80% of the oil sands in Alberta are buried too deep for open pit mining. The oil must be recovered by in situ techniques. Steam is injected into the deposit to heat the oil sand, lowering the bitumen’s viscosity.

  • (PDF) Mining Methods: Part I-Surface mining

    2.1.2) Dredging mining: Generally used most often for mineral-sands and some near-shore alluvial diamond mining operations . Dredging performed from floa ting vessels, accomplishes the

  • Quantifying land use of oil sands production: a life cycle ...

    by surface mining or in situ production methods. Surface mining techniques remove shallow depth oil sand deposits by truck and shovel and extract the bitumen by mixing the oil sand with water warmed using natural gas (Alberta Chamber of Resources 2004). In situtechnology is used for deeper deposits

  • Oil sands - SEG Wiki

    2020-6-1  Surface mining. About 20 percent of the world’s oil sands are located close to the surface. In surface mining, large hydraulic and electrically powered shovels are used to dig up oil sands from the ground and load them into trucks. These trucks can typically hold up to 320 tons of oil sands per load.

  • Oil Sand - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    M. Lowey, in Developments in Environmental Science, 2012. 3.4 Land Use and Waste Management. Alberta's oil sands underlie 140,200 km 2 (54,114 square miles) or approximately 37% of Alberta's boreal forest—an area the size of Florida. The area that can be mined for oil sands is 4802 km 2.The mining area currently under development is 530 km 2, or approximately 0.1% of Alberta's boreal forest.

  • The Potential for Surface Mining a Heavy-Oil Reservoir ...

    Summary. Surface mining of hydrocarbon deposits is not a new technique, but its application has been mainly limited to the excavation of oil sands in the Athabasca Basin of Alberta, Canada, where the mining method has proved to be commercially successful, although in a narrow set of geological and environmental conditions.

  • Oil sands - Energy Education

    2020-4-13  Oil sands are a mixture of sand, clay, water, and bitumen that occur naturally. Bitumen is the fossil fuel component of this sand, and it is a very viscous oil that must be treated and upgraded before it can be used to produce useful fuels such as gasoline.. Oil sand deposits are found around the globe in the Middle East, Venezuela, Canada, the United States, and Russia.

  • Types Of Crusher Used In Oil Sands

    Types Of Crusher Used In Oil Sands Request A Quotation. If you're interested in the product, please submit your requirements and we'd like to hear from you. we will contact you as soon as possible and want to help you any way we can. We promise that all your information won't be leaked to anyone. Thanks for taking the time to get in touch with us.

  • Oil Sands Processes Natural Resources Canada

    2020-6-18  The accessible ore of oil sands is located 50 to 200 m from the surface. Due to the difference in depth, recovery of oil sands ore calls for different techniques: open pit mining for shallow resources and steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) for deeper resources. These two oil sands processes techniques are described in more detail below.

  • SAGD Reservoir Characterization Using Geostatistics ...

    2019-4-26  Canada’s total oil reserves; however, only 10% is economically recoverable by surface mining techniques currently being used. An estimated additional 25% of the Athabasca Oil Sands is economically recoverable using SAGD extraction. SAGD production performance is the oil production rate OPRATE and the cumulative steam-to-oil ratio SOR.

  • Oil sands: Outline

    2019-3-5  • Surface ‘strip’ mining used where overburden is relatively thin (near Athabasca River) • Most (80+%) oil sands buried too deeply for surface mining to be economical • Need alternative technique Athabasca Oil Sands Basic idea: Reduce viscosity of bitumen in oil sands to allow pumping from ‘reservoir’ in conventional sense

  • The Potential for Surface Mining a Heavy-Oil Reservoir ...

    Summary. Surface mining of hydrocarbon deposits is not a new technique, but its application has been mainly limited to the excavation of oil sands in the Athabasca Basin of Alberta, Canada, where the mining method has proved to be commercially successful, although in a narrow set of geological and environmental conditions.

  • Oil sands - Energy Education

    2020-4-13  Oil sands are a mixture of sand, clay, water, and bitumen that occur naturally. Bitumen is the fossil fuel component of this sand, and it is a very viscous oil that must be treated and upgraded before it can be used to produce useful fuels such as gasoline.. Oil sand deposits are found around the globe in the Middle East, Venezuela, Canada, the United States, and Russia.

  • Types Of Crusher Used In Oil Sands

    Types Of Crusher Used In Oil Sands Request A Quotation. If you're interested in the product, please submit your requirements and we'd like to hear from you. we will contact you as soon as possible and want to help you any way we can. We promise that all your information won't be leaked to anyone. Thanks for taking the time to get in touch with us.

  • Oil Sands Processes Natural Resources Canada

    2020-6-18  The accessible ore of oil sands is located 50 to 200 m from the surface. Due to the difference in depth, recovery of oil sands ore calls for different techniques: open pit mining for shallow resources and steam assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) for deeper resources. These two oil sands processes techniques are described in more detail below.

  • SAGD Reservoir Characterization Using Geostatistics ...

    2019-4-26  Canada’s total oil reserves; however, only 10% is economically recoverable by surface mining techniques currently being used. An estimated additional 25% of the Athabasca Oil Sands is economically recoverable using SAGD extraction. SAGD production performance is the oil production rate OPRATE and the cumulative steam-to-oil ratio SOR.

  • Oil sands: Outline

    2019-3-5  • Surface ‘strip’ mining used where overburden is relatively thin (near Athabasca River) • Most (80+%) oil sands buried too deeply for surface mining to be economical • Need alternative technique Athabasca Oil Sands Basic idea: Reduce viscosity of bitumen in oil sands to allow pumping from ‘reservoir’ in conventional sense

  • Petropedia - Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold

    Techniques Used to Extract Oil Sands. There are two primary methods followed in the extraction of oil sands: surface mining and drilling methods (also called in situ method). While both of these methods are widely used, the type of surface where oil sands are available determines the method of extraction.

  • Oil Sands Mining Techniques - OilJobFinder

    Oil Sands Mining Techniques. Since the 1920s, open pit mining has been central to oil sands development. But about 80% of the oil sands in Alberta are buried too deep for open pit mining. The oil must be recovered by in situ techniques. Steam is injected into the deposit to heat the oil sand, lowering the bitumen’s viscosity.

  • silica sand surface mining method Zimbabwe

    Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil . SURFACE MINING ≠ STRIP MINING: Although sometimes mistakenly referred to as strip mining, oil sands is actually mined from an open-pit below several meters of overburden. Strip mining is the mining of a relatively flat deposit very close to the surface, commonly used in coal or phosphate ...

  • Oilsands MIning, Mineral Mining, Mineral Mines,

    The entitlement of bitumen in oil sand can array from 1% -20%. The oil drenched sand deposits left over from prehistoric rivers in 3 main areas, Peace River, Cold Lake and Athabasca. The Athabasca vicinity is the biggest and closest to the surface, secretarial for the large-scale oil sands

  • Petropedia - Oil Sands: An Emerging Black Gold

    Techniques Used to Extract Oil Sands. There are two primary methods followed in the extraction of oil sands: surface mining and drilling methods (also called in situ method). While both of these methods are widely used, the type of surface where oil sands are available determines the method of extraction.

  • Oil Sands Mining Techniques - OilJobFinder

    Oil Sands Mining Techniques. Since the 1920s, open pit mining has been central to oil sands development. But about 80% of the oil sands in Alberta are buried too deep for open pit mining. The oil must be recovered by in situ techniques. Steam is injected into the deposit to heat the oil sand, lowering the bitumen’s viscosity.

  • silica sand surface mining method Zimbabwe

    Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands Oil . SURFACE MINING ≠ STRIP MINING: Although sometimes mistakenly referred to as strip mining, oil sands is actually mined from an open-pit below several meters of overburden. Strip mining is the mining of a relatively flat deposit very close to the surface, commonly used in coal or phosphate ...

  • Oilsands MIning, Mineral Mining, Mineral Mines,

    The entitlement of bitumen in oil sand can array from 1% -20%. The oil drenched sand deposits left over from prehistoric rivers in 3 main areas, Peace River, Cold Lake and Athabasca. The Athabasca vicinity is the biggest and closest to the surface, secretarial for the large-scale oil sands

  • Oil Sands - Frequently Asked Questions

    Answer: Oil sands mining can be used in certain areas of the oil sands where the sand is close enough to the surface that it’s economical to get to.Some of the oil sand is below the surface, within reason and we’re able to mine down to it. But once it gets so deep that mining becomes too expensive for the payoff for the oil, different methods that are referred to as in situ are used to get ...

  • Glossary of Oil Sands Terms - CINDE.ca

    2011-10-5  A term used to describe a mixture of mature fine tails and coarse tails. Also referred to as “consolidated tails.” Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) The third stage of hydrocarbon production during which sophisticated techniques that alter the original properties of the oil are used. Enhanced oil recovery can begin after a secondary recovery

  • Unconventional Oil Exploration, Part 5: Oil Sands

    Oil sands are also located in Venezuela, the United States, and Russia. Oil sands, sometimes called tar sands or bituminous sands, are made up of sand, water, clay minerals, and bitumen, which is heavy, viscous, molasses-like oil that requires extensive processing to separate it from the sand and other materials and refine it into usable fuel.

  • Facts about Alberta’s oil sands and its industry

    2019-4-29  Only 20 percent of Alberta’s oil sands can be recovered through surface-mining techniques. If the oil sand layer is deeper than 75 metres from the surface, an in situ (in place) technology is used. Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage, or SAGD, is the most common in situ process presently used. This process involves drilling two L-shaped

  • New ways to exploit oil sands - Canadian Mining ...

    The oil sands business got its start in the 1960s and 1970s with the startup of the Suncor and Syncrude surface mining operations, and they have grown step-wise in both size and improvements. The next push was to find ways to produce oil from the deeper bitumen deposits, which resulted in the in situ techniques (SAGD and cold) developed in the ...

  • Athabasca oil sands: effect of organic coated solids on ...

    Athabasca oil sands: effect of organic coated solids on bitumen recovery and quality ... About one-tenth of the oil sands in this deposit is economically recoverable by conventional surface mining techniques. The Hot Water Extraction Process (HWEP) is used commercially to recover bitumen from surface mined oil sands ore. The viability of this ...