• Pregnant Solution Recovery Gekko

    A carbon-in-solution process is best for treating high volume slurries, while zinc precipitation (Merrill Crowe) is great for high volume solutions. The Gekko Difference The Gekko technical services team is skilled at designing and optimising flowsheets to handle challenging pregnant solution

  • Gold Precipitation Methods - Mineral Processing Metallurgy

    Gold was not precipitated at all, nor was copper, if the solution contains 0.15 per cent or more free cyanide. As with aluminum, gold precipitation by sodium sulphide regenerates all the cyanide combined with the silver in the pregnant solution. The reactions involved are shown in the equation: 2NaAg(CN)2 + Na2S = Ag2S + 4NaCN

  • Hydrometallurgy - Wikipedia

    Hydrometallurgy is a technique within the field of extractive metallurgy, the obtaining of metals from their ores.Hydrometallurgy involve the use of aqueous solutions for the recovery of metals from ores, concentrates, and recycled or residual materials. Processing techniques that complement hydrometallurgy are pyrometallurgy, vapour metallurgy, and molten salt electrometallurgy.

  • Gold loss at copper precipitation from pregnant leach ...

    If the PLS contents silver, it is possible to get a silver precipitate. Before adding NaHS, a solution may content 0.45 mg/L gold, 3.4 mg/L silver. After adding NaHS the solution reports 0.40 mg/L gold and less than 0.02 mg/L silver. A typical precipitate contents approximately 62% copper

  • Recovery of Gold by Precipitation with Zinc

    How Copper affects gold precipitation. Copper sometimes give trouble by forming a continuous and adherent skin over the zinc and stopping further precipitation of the gold and silver. This effect is more often observed when the solution is low in free cyanide, and in strong solutions copper interferes very little with the proper working of the ...

  • An investigation into the precipitation of copper sulfide ...

    When the synthetic acidic copper solution (Cu 2+ 10.0 g/L, free sulfuric acid 20.0 g/L) was reacted with the temperature at 90 °C for 120 mins, the molar ratio of Cu-to-S of 1.0, the pressure of SO 2 of 0.30 MPa, the powder contact angle of 69.8°,the diameter of original sulfur particles of 0.100–0.140 mm, the separation percentage of ...

  • Chloride Leaching of Silver Iodide Precipitation ...

    Silver iodide precipitation experiments were conducted on a pregnant solution obtained by ferrous chloride-oxygen leaching of a copper-silver-bearing sulfide concentrate. The composition of the major elements contained in this chloride solution, which had a pH of 1.5, is shown in table 1.

  • (PDF) Precipitation of Silver from Copper Sulphate Solutions

    The current efficiency was determined to be 7% lower in the electro-winning of copper from the pregnant leach solution than that from the synthetic solution (84% vs 93%) presumably due to the ...

  • Copper LPF Leach Precipitation and Flotation Process

    Precipitation of the copper is completed in about 10-15 minutes. The oxidation-reduction reaction between copper sulphate and metallic iron increases the pH of the pulp to about 3.5-4.0. The copper is precipitated as a very fine copper sponge. An excess of the sponge iron is used so that re – solution of copper is avoided.

  • (PDF) Precipitation of Silver from Copper Sulphate Solutions

    The current efficiency was determined to be 7% lower in the electro-winning of copper from the pregnant leach solution than that from the synthetic solution (84% vs 93%) presumably due to the ...

  • Leach Solution - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

    Feb 07, 2010  The Fe-cementation process has been perfected for copper recovery from leach liquors (e.g. Fletcher, 1970) and uranium recovery by precipitation, ion-exchange columns and solvent extraction is also well documented and can be applied effectively to leach solutions. Electrowinning of zinc and copper is also effective at reasonable concentration ...

  • PROCESS FOR PRECIPITATING COPPER FROM SOLUTION -

    Jan 11, 1972  An improved process for accelerating the precipitation of copper from solution. A pregnant leach solution, containing at least copper, ferric, ferrous, and sulfate ions, is treated with sulfur dioxide under conditions of agitation to complex the ferric ions and to efficiently maintain the treated leach solution at a pH below 3.0, without the addition of acid.

  • Precipitation of rhodium from a copper

    pregnant leach solution is sent to electrowinning for copper recovery. Se/Te removal process As discussed, the removal of selenium and tellurium from the copper sulphate leach solution is typically achieved by precip-itation with sulphurous acid. The precipitation reactions in the Se/Te removal section would thus be as shown in reaction

  • A New Process for Cobalt Nickel Separation

    a) Copper, if present in commercial quantities, by solvent extraction. b) Iron and aluminum by hydrolysis with limestone or lime, and filtering. c) Last traces of copper, plus any zinc or cadmium present, by H2S precipitation and filtering. The resultant solution containing nickel, cobalt, and remaining impurities such as

  • (PDF) SULPHIDE PRECIPITATION OF GOLD AND SILVER FROM ...

    A non-toxic organic reagent, trimercapto-s-triazine (TMT), was used to precipitate copper from synthetic solutions. Effect of concentration of TMT (33-159 mM) and reaction time (0-4 days) were ...

  • Recovery of Copper by Solution Mining Methods

    Solution mining replicates the natural process of oxidation and reduction, described above. Dilute acidic solutions are introduced to the copper-bearing ores, causing dissolution of soluble copper minerals (Table 1) remaining in the leached cap and underlying enrichment blanket. This produces a “pregnant” solution that is collected and

  • Precipitation Of Nickel−Cobalt Sulfide - PDF Free Download

    Chapter 12 Precipitation Of Nickel Cobalt Sulfide The leaching of laterite in an autoclave at about 250 C was described in Chapter 11. The pregnant solution in the slurry leaving these autoclaves contains approximately 6 g/L Ni and 0.5 g/L Co. Currently, most industrial operations recover the nickel and cobalt from the autoclave leach solution by the precipitation of mixed nickel cobalt sulfides.

  • Precipitation of zinc from cyanide leach solutions using ...

    Real pregnant leach solutions (PLSs) was also used in the precipitation tests. PLSs were derived from leaching of a silver ore (145–159 g/t Ag, 0.72% Zn and 0.014% Cu; d 80 = 35 μm) and a pyritic gold/silver concentrate (62 g/t Au, 110 g/t Ag, 0.30% Cu and 3.14% Zn; d 80 : 40 μm) assaying under the conditions of 3 g/L NaCN, 35% w / v solids ...

  • Comparing iron phosphate and hematite precipitation ...

    Given the high nickel and copper losses at pH values above pH 1, the fact that iron removal in excess of 98% was achieved at pH 1, and the acidity of typical pregnant leach solutions, iron removal by seeded precipitation would not be performed at pH values above pH 1.

  • (PDF) Recovery of Gold from Pregnant Thiosulfate Solutions ...

    common strong-base resins in pregnant thiosulfate solutions with copper catalysis. Also, a comparative study about leaching and recovery of gold using ammoniacal thiosulfate solutions with copper ...

  • Recovery of dissolved platinum group metals from copper ...

    The precipitation of Se and Te from pregnant copper sulphate leach solution is typically conducted at atmospheric pressure and temperatures between 80 °C and 90 °C. Table 2 . Experimental conditions for the 2 4 full factorial experimental design.

  • Removal of antimony and bismuth from copper ...

    precipitate at the grain boundaries of the copper and melt as the copper is heated during drawing, ruining the strength of the copper and making it very hard to draw. Antimony also causes considerable roughening of the surface of the copper cathode at 0.02-0.1 g/L

  • (PDF) Recovery of Gold from Pregnant Thiosulfate Solutions ...

    common strong-base resins in pregnant thiosulfate solutions with copper catalysis. Also, a comparative study about leaching and recovery of gold using ammoniacal thiosulfate solutions with copper ...

  • Recovery of dissolved platinum group metals from copper ...

    The precipitation of Se and Te from pregnant copper sulphate leach solution is typically conducted at atmospheric pressure and temperatures between 80 °C and 90 °C. Table 2 . Experimental conditions for the 2 4 full factorial experimental design.

  • Removal of antimony and bismuth from copper ...

    precipitate at the grain boundaries of the copper and melt as the copper is heated during drawing, ruining the strength of the copper and making it very hard to draw. Antimony also causes considerable roughening of the surface of the copper cathode at 0.02-0.1 g/L

  • Recovery of Gold and Silver and Removal of Copper, Zinc ...

    The richer the pregnant solution is, the better the quality of the precipitate of gold and silver is, although this is modified by the presence of metals, such as copper, lead, zinc and iron. This behavior can be explained from Table 1 of the electromotive force of the metals [11] .

  • (PDF) Recovery of Copper Sulphate from Sulphuric Acid ...

    The precipitates were further characterised by SEM-EDS analysis which showed the presence of copper (1-25%) in the precipitates indicating significant copper co-precipitation from the solution.

  • How to precipitate metals from citrate pregnant leach ...

    How to precipitate metals from citrate pregnant leach solution (PLS)? I am doing some leaching experiments now on metal-bearing wastes using citric acid as lixiviant. The metals of interest are ...

  • COPPER PRECIPITATION AND CYANIDE RECOVERY PILOT

    Pregnant Leach Solution following Filtration and Rinsing Assay mg/L Au 0.41 Ag 3.25 Cu 653 CN-WAD 1,034 The leach solution characterized in Table 3 was used as the feed to the copper precipitation and cyanide recovery processes. An overall illustration of the sample preparation and treatment steps is provided on Figure 1. Solution Precipitate ...

  • Copper Production: How Is Copper Made? - ThoughtCo

    Copper can alternatively be precipitated out of the pregnant solution via cementation using scrap iron. However, this produces a less pure copper than SX-EW and,

  • Part A Enter An Equation For The Precipitation Rea ...

    Question: Part A Enter An Equation For The Precipitation Reaction That Occurs (if Any) When Solutions Of Potassium Hydroxide And Copper(II) Bromide Are Mixed. Express Your Answer As A Chemical Equation, Identity All Of The Phases In Your Answer.

  • Recovery of Gold and Silver and Removal of Copper, Zinc ...

    The richer the pregnant solution is, the better the quality of the precipitate of gold and silver is, although this is modified by the presence of metals, such as copper

  • Hydroxide Precipitation of Metals Hoffland Environmental ...

    Most heavy metal ions readily precipitate by raising the pH of solution, forming the respective metal hydroxide compound. A hydroxide precipitation curve is attached demonstrating the relationship; Certain metal ions, primarily copper, zinc and cadmium readily form metallic complexes with ammonia.

  • Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

    Pregnant Ieachate (20-50% Cu) Precipitation Solvent extract ion I Smelting I I Cement copper 1 (85-90% Cu) Matte (50-75% Cu) II I Converting i Anode refining and casting I I I Anodes ... Solution of copper and leaching agent20-50 (water orHAO.) Copper, iron (0.2-2.00/0), trace amounts of85-90

  • Recovery of Gold and Silver and Removal of Copper, Zinc ...

    The richer the pregnant solution is, the better the quality of the precipitate of gold and silver is, although this is modified by the presence of metals, such as copper

  • Silver Nitrate Solution Is Used To ? Precipitate ...

    Silver nitrate solution is used to ? precipitate the copper ions. precipitate the nitrate ions. precipitate the zinc ions. precipitate the chloride ions

  • Hydroxide Precipitation of Metals Hoffland Environmental ...

    Most heavy metal ions readily precipitate by raising the pH of solution, forming the respective metal hydroxide compound. A hydroxide precipitation curve is attached demonstrating the relationship; Certain metal ions, primarily copper, zinc and cadmium readily form metallic complexes with ammonia.

  • Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology

    Pregnant Ieachate (20-50% Cu) Precipitation Solvent extract ion I Smelting I I Cement copper 1 (85-90% Cu) Matte (50-75% Cu) II I Converting i Anode refining and casting I I I Anodes ... Solution of copper and leaching agent20-50 (water orHAO.) Copper, iron (0.2-2.00/0), trace amounts of85-90

  • Cementation (metallurgy) - Wikipedia

    Cementation is a type of precipitation, a heterogeneous process in which ions are reduced to zero valence at a solid metallic interface. The process is often used to refine leach solutions.. Cementation of copper is a common example. Copper ions in solution, often from an ore leaching process, are precipitated out of solution in the presence of solid iron. ...

  • Predicting Precipitation Reactions Introduction to Chemistry

    Imagine you have two test tubes and three solutions: copper (II) chloride (CuCl 2) solution, sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3) solution, and sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4) solution. You put 5 mL of copper (II) chloride into tubes 1 and 2. You add 5 mL of sodium carbonate in tube 1. A precipitate, which looks like light blue specks of dust, forms.

  • Dropping Gold from solution with Copper - YouTube

    Apr 16, 2016  Copper is very effective for dropping gold and other PMs as cement. Of course, it will need to be cleaned up after with a 2nd refine but the solution was so dirty to start, this was required ...

  • Precipitation Hazen Research

    Sodium hydrosulfide and calcium sulfide are widely used to remove zinc, copper, lead, silver, and cadmium from waste streams. Cementation is a specialized precipitation process in which a more reactive metal is used to remove a more noble metal from solution. Copper cementation has been used extensively to recover copper.

  • Precipitation Reactions Reactions in Aqueous Solution

    A light blue precipitate forms when sodium carbonate reacts with copper(II) chloride. No precipitate forms when sodium sulphate reacts with copper(II) chloride. The solution is light blue. It is important to understand what happened in the previous demonstration.

  • Precipitates - YouTube

    Oct 05, 2015  Solutions containing copper(II) ions are typically blue in colour. When sodium hydroxide is added, copper(II) hydroxide forms as a blue precipitate. It decomposes to form copper(II) oxide when it ...

  • Precipitation (chemistry) - Wikipedia

    An example of a precipitation reaction: Aqueous silver nitrate (AgNO 3) is added to a solution containing potassium chloride (KCl), the precipitation of a white solid, silver chloride (AgCl), is observed. (Zumdahl, 2005) + ↓ + The silver chloride (AgCl) has formed a solid, which is observed as a precipitate.

  • Cobalt Recovery From Polymetallic Concentrates

    solutions assaying <1 mg/L As and <8 mg/L Fe. The efficiency of cobalt solvent extraction from the purified solution ranged from 91 to 98%, the co-extractions ranged from 88 to 100% for copper, from 28 to 33% for magnesium, from 6 to 7% for calcium and from 96 to 98% for zinc. Copper precipitation by using (SO. 2 /S) and (Na. 2. S) systems

  • Precipitation Reactions - Chemistry LibreTexts

    Precipitation reactions are useful in determining whether a certain element is present in a solution. If a precipitate is formed when a chemical reacts with lead, for example, the presence of lead in water sources could be tested by adding the chemical and monitoring for precipitate formation. In addition, precipitation reactions can be used to ...